Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) is designated high risk for its high level in defence research and alleged links to cyber attacks.
SJTU is directly under the administration of the MOE. In 2016 it also came under the supervision of defence industry agency SASTIND as part of a ‘joint construction’ agreement between the MOE and SASTIND.https://web.archive.org/web/20190713190211/https://news.whut.edu.cn/article/72160.html
The university has at least three laboratories focused on defense research relating to materials science, ships and hydrodynamics. The defence labs have established substantial collaborative research and talent development relationships with hydrodynamics research groups at universities including MIT, Cornell, and the Danish Technical University.https://web.archive.org/web/20190929100435/http://naoce.sjtu.edu.cn/sdlxjybzdsys.html
One of the university’s strongest departments is computer science. Its computer science program has garnered support from American tech companies such as Cisco Systems and Microsoft, which collaborated on establishing a laboratory for intelligent computing and intelligent systems at the university.https://web.archive.org/web/20190707204839/https://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/22/technology/22cyber.html In particular, the School of Information Security Engineering, has ties to the PLA through its dean and chief professor who both previously worked for the PLA. SJTU also has ties to the PLA Unit 61398, a cyber espionage unit that has been implicated in cyber attacks on the United States.
SJTU is also known for its involvement in maritime research. The School of Naval Architecture, Ocean & Civil Engineering cooperates extensively with other universities from around the world as well as with many domestic industrial enterprises, such as defence conglomerate CSIC and CASC.https://web.archive.org/web/20190710033545/http://naoce.sjtu.edu.cn/gjhzgk.htm ; https://web.archive.org/web/20190710033521/http://naoce.sjtu.edu.cn/chanxueyan.html The school is the lead unit of the High-tech Ship and Deep-Sea Development Equipment Collaborative Innovation Center (高新船舶与深海开发装备协同创新中心), where it has contributed to assisting the PLA Navy’s transition to offshore defense operations.https://web.archive.org/web/20190710033455/http://naoce.sjtu.edu.cn/mtjj/5005.html
Major defence laboratories
- National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Micro/Nano Fabrication （微米／纳米加工技术国防科技重点实验室）http://archive.md/MiDLN ; https://web.archive.org/web/20191113051522/http://22.214.171.124:252/KCMS/detail/detail.aspx?filename=N2006030035000509&dbcode=CYFD&dbname=CYFD
- Jointly run with Peking Universityhttps://web.archive.org/web/20180729064751/http://mnfab.sjtu.edu.cn/cn/content.aspx?info_lb=1&flag=1 ; Jin Yufeng, ‘微米/纳米加工技术国家级重点实验室——从微观领域开掘科技创新空间’, 国防科技工业, 2007, volume 1, p. 50-51 states that the lab is run by Peking University and Shanghai Jiao Tong University and was established by COSTIND as a defence laboratory
- MOE Key Laboratory of Hydrodynamics (水动力学教育部重点实验室（B类）)https://web.archive.org/web/20190710033421/http://naoce.sjtu.edu.cn/en/content.aspx?info_lb=64&flag=4 ; https://web.archive.org/web/20190707184753/http://naoce.sjtu.edu.cn/sdlxjybzdsys.html
- Defense Key Disciplines Laboratory of Ship Equipment Noise and Vibration Control Technology (船舰设备噪声与振动控制技术国防重点学科实验室)https://web.archive.org/web/20190125211408/http://me.sjtu.edu.cn/news/12266.html
In 2011, SJTU was building a system simulation and control defence laboratory that may have been involved in nuclear reactor research, but it is unclear whether this laboratory was completed.https://web.archive.org/web/20190815011350/http://me.sjtu.edu.cn/teacher_directory1/liupengfei.html
Designated defence research areas
SJTU has at least five designated defence research areas. However, the total number is unknown.
- Aircraft designhttp://www.aero.sjtu.edu.cn/data/list/xyjs
- Ship design and manufacturinghttps://web.archive.org/web/20190815010640/http://naoce.sjtu.edu.cn/upload/149336918221117.pdf
- Unknown discipline in the School of Nuclear Science and Engineeringhttps://web.archive.org/web/20190815010433/http://nsse.sjtu.edu.cn/Web/Content/3
- System simulation and controlhttps://web.archive.org/web/20190815011350/http://me.sjtu.edu.cn/teacher_directory1/liupengfei.html
Economic espionage and misconduct
Several papers written on computer network security and intrusion detection were co-authored by researchers of the PLA Unit 61398 and faculty of SJTU.https://web.archive.org/web/20190710033343/https://www.reuters.com/article/net-us-china-cybersecurity-university/top-china-college-in-focus-with-ties-to-armys-cyber-spying-unit-idUSBRE92N01120130324 Additionally, cyber attacks on Google and other American companies have been traced to computers at SJTU.https://web.archive.org/web/20190707204839/https://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/22/technology/22cyber.html
Defence and security links
SJTU is believed to hold secret-level security credentials, but this could not be confirmed.ttps://web.archive.org/web/20190707192905/http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_ade0280c0102wdx5.html
SJTU Materials Science Professor Ding Wenjiang received a first-class defence technology invention prize in 2017.https://web.archive.org/web/20190929100723/http://gk.sjtu.edu.cn/Phone/View/1385
SJTU has several links to the PLA, including its signing of a cooperation agreement with the Academy of Military Science in 2014 for conducting cooperative research.http://archive.ph/2019.11.12-095024/http://tokyotrial.sjtu.edu.cn/CN/show.aspx?info_lb=23&info_id=131&flag=2 SJTU also jointly sponsored a forum with the S&T Commission of the Military Commission and the Oceanic Intelligence Equipment and Systems Laboratory. The forum was focused on marine equipment systems and deep-sea information. Presentations were given on the following reports: the Future of Naval Warfare and Intelligent Equipment Development, the Requirement and Application of Deep-Sea Unmanned Systems, and a New Generation of Air-Sea Integrated Optical Communication, based on quantum technology.https://web.archive.org/web/20190710033117/http://naoce.sjtu.edu.cn/xyxw/6414.html Although not as explicitly related to the PLA, a laboratory within the School of Naval Architecture, Ocean & Civil Engineering (海上智能装备与系统实验室) was established in order to accelerate the development of China as a maritime power.https://web.archive.org/web/20190710033117/http://naoce.sjtu.edu.cn/xyxw/6414.html
SJTU also has ties to the PLA through its School of Information Security Engineering, which specializes in Internet Security. The school’s dean and chief professor have both worked for the PLA.https://web.archive.org/web/20190707204839/ ; https://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/22/technology/22cyber.html Additionally, SJTU’s School of Cyberspace Security, established in 2000, is the first domestic information security professional training base jointly sponsored by MOE, MOST and the Shanghai Municipal Government. The School’s key research areas are: cryptography theory and algorithms, quantum computing and post-quantum cryptography, software and systems security, hardware and embedded systems security, security architecture, information content security, artificial intelligence security, cloud security and big data privacy protection, industrial internet, wireless network and the Internet of Things security, and finally blockchain and financial security. The school also cooperates with Microsoft, Intel, Ali, Baidu and Tencent on these research topics.https://web.archive.org/web/20190710033050/http://infosec.sjtu.edu.cn/About.aspx Related to internet security, SJTU’s Network Information Security Management and Service Engineering Research Center of Ministry of Education (网络信息安全管理与服务教育部工程研究中心) is focused on research for network protection detection and attack and defense technology.https://web.archive.org/web/20190710033031/http://infosec.sjtu.edu.cn/Base.aspx?id=5
SJTU is a member of several research alliances, including the National Defense Technology Industry Nuclear Power Technology Innovation Center (国防科技工业核动力技术创新中心)https://web.archive.org/web/20191112102128/http://www.cnnc.com.cn/cnnc/300555/300558/355067/index.html and the Thermal Management Materials and Technology Innovation Alliance (热管理材料与技术创新联盟).https://web.archive.org/web/20190710032949/http://www.htrdc.com/gjszx/tzgg/2166.shtml
SJTU is involved with nuclear research, and in 2018 signed a strategic cooperation agreement with CNNC and planned for co-construction of the Nuclear Power Vessels and Marine Equipment Research Institute. This partnership was announced as serving the deep development of MCF.https://web.archive.org/web/20190710032840/https://news.sjtu.edu.cn/jdyw/20180815/81549.html
Noteworthy international collaborations
In 2006, the University of Michigan and SJTU established the UM-SJTU Joint Institute with a mission to build a world-class educational and research institute in China. The institute offers two undergraduate majors in mechanical engineering and electrical & computer engineering.https://web.archive.org/web/20190710032817/http://en.sjtu.edu.cn/academics/schools/the-um-sjtu-joint-institute/ In 2015, SJTU signed another agreement with the University of Washington to work on research for smart cities. The new agreement provides the potential for collaborations on establishing a joint research lab for developing smart cities technology and infrastructure, as well as joint talent training and educational degree programs.https://www.washington.edu/news/2015/09/23/uw-and-shanghai-jiao-tong-university-forge-international-collaboration-on-smart-cities/ SJTU also has a longstanding partnership with MIT, and in 2011 SJTU signed a cooperation agreement with MIT.https://web.archive.org/web/20190710032736/http://en.sjtu.edu.cn/news/sjtu-signed-a-cooperation-agreement-with-mit
In France, Telecom Paris Tech and SJTU established the Paris Telecommunications (TPT) and Shanghai Jiao Tong University Joint Research Laboratory for Security and Trust (巴黎电信（TPT）和上海交通大学安全与信任联合研究实验室)https://web.archive.org/web/20190710032709/http://infosec.sjtu.edu.cn/Base.aspx?id=3
Last updated 18 November 2019. Unclear about any wording? Visit the terminology page.