Beijing Institute of Technology


Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT) is designated very high risk for its top-secret security credentials, high number of defence laboratories and defence research areas, and deep involvement in weapons research.

BIT is one of the ‘Seven Sons of National Defence’ supervised by MIIT. It is a leading centre of military research and one of only fourteen institutions accredited to award doctorates in weapons science. In 2017, China’s Ministry of Education ranked BIT and Nanjing University of Science and Technology as the country’s top institutions for weapons science. It has received the most defence research prizes and defence patents out of all China’s universities. 31.80% of BIT graduates in 2018 who found employment were working in the defence sector.

BIT’s claimed achievements include producing the PRC’s first light tank, first two-stage solid sounding rocket and first low-altitude altimetry radar. The university also states that it carries out world-class research on several areas of missile technology including “precision strikes, high damage efficiency, maneuver penetration, long-range suppression, and military communications systems and counter-measures”. In 2018, BIT announced that it was running a four-year experimental program training some of China’s top high school students in intelligent weapons systems.

BIT is the chair of the B8 Cooperation Innovation Alliance (B8协同创新联盟 or 中国兵器协同创新联盟), a group of eight Chinese research institutions that specialize in weapons science—the ‘B’ in ‘B8’ stands for Chinese work for armaments, bingqi (兵器).

BIT’s central role in advancing PLA warfighting capability is demonstrated by the fact that it participated in the development of equipment used by 22 of the 30 squads in the 2009 military parade for the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PRC.

Major defence laboratories

Designated defence research areas

BIT has over 34 disciplines with defence characteristics. 24 of these were designated during the 11th five-year plan (2006-2010), and a further ten during were approved in 2016. ; They include vehicle engineering, optical engineering, communication and information systems, artillery, automatic weapons and ammunition engineering, engineering mechanics, control theory and control engineering, weapon systems and utilisation engineering, aircraft design, and materials science.

Defence and security links

BIT is a member of the Innovation Platform Union of National Defense Science and Technology (国防科技创新基地战略联盟), a setting for universities, research institutes and companies engaged in defence research to increase cooperation and implement military-civil fusion.

Noteworthy international collaborations

BIT is the Chinese partner university of Confucius Institutes at the University of Saskatchewan in Canada and Lagos University. ;

BIT is one of nine Chinese members of the UK-China University Consortium on Engineering Education and Research.

Last updated 23 November 2019. Unclear about any wording? Visit the terminology page.