University of Science and Technology of China


The University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) is designated medium risk for its defence research and unique links to the state through the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

The University of Science and Technology of China is among China’s most prestigious universities in science and technology. Uniquely, it was established and is supervised by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, intended to serve national objectives in science and technology. Xi Jinping personally inspected USTC in 2016, urging it to pursue “even more outstanding achievements in teaching and innovation.” It is a member of the C9 League and in the “211 Project” and “985 Project.” While providing undergraduate and graduate-level education, USTC is also highly active in research across a number of major laboratories, including several that support research that is related to national defense and the development of dual-use technologies, such as brain-inspired approaches to artificial intelligence and quantum information science. USTC has a long history of contributions to science in the service of the state, and it has recently sought to deepen its contributions to military research, including through establishing a new center for military-civil fusion. Several USTC professors, including prominently Pan Jianwei, have partnered with the defense industry to pursue military applications of their technologies.

Major defence laboratories

Apart from its defence-focused laboratory, USTC hosts a number of national laboratories that are engaged in defense-relevant research, including through its Advanced Technology Research Institute.

Defence and security links

Pan Jianwei, who leads USTC’s quantum science enterprise, has partnered with the Chinese defense industry and highlighted the potential military applications of this research.

Noteworthy international collaborations

In January 2013, Princeton University signed a new memorandum of understanding with USTC to promote academic exchanges and research collaboration, including in fusion energy and plasma science.

In 2015, the Ohio State University signed a memorandum of understanding with USTC in order to promote cooperative activities, including academic and scientific exchanges.

Last updated 21 November 2019. Unclear about any wording? Visit the terminology page.